Jaisalmer ki Holi

The festival of Holi symbolises a celebration of the victory of good over evil, heralding the arrival of spring and the end of winter, in vast parts of India.  For many it is a day for social gatherings to splash each other with colours, of laughter, forgiveness and to reset and renew ruptured relationships.

Photograph by Anjali Singh

Relaxing on the stairs of the royal palace in Jaisalmer Fort, waiting to splash some colour on their friends, Holi revellers make a happy sight. Jaisalmer Fort is one of the few ‘living forts’ in the world with a sizeable population still living and working within its walls. This makes it a unique location in which to indulge yourself on a special day like Holi. – Photograph by Pallav Pahuja


Photograph by Pallav Pahuja

Also called the “festival of colours”, Holi lasts for a night and a day, starting on the evening of poornima (full moon eve) in the month of faagun of the Hindu calendar. The Holi festival has a cultural significance amongst various Hindu traditions of the Indian subcontinent. While several locations around India, such as Mathura are well-known for their Holi celebrations, few have experienced the unique zest and spirit with which Holi is played inside the historic walls of Jaisalmer’s golden fortress.



It is customary to wear old white cloths on Holi, (and be prepared to get them riotously splashed with a spectrum of colours!). The festival of Holi is now celebrated in various parts of the world by the expat Indian community, but there is nothing quite as exhilarating or original as celebrating it in a place like Jaisalmer.


Outside Jaisalmer Fort’s main Jain temple, travellers carry their Holi gear (and extra supplies) because in no time you could run short of the handy gulal (coloured powder) with which to powder others. – Photograph by Pallav Pahuja


In a sense, one is seized by a sense of positivity and enjoyment on a day like Holi, the buzz and excitement is infectious. Holi also marks the start of spring, for many the start of the New Year, an occasion for all to enjoy the changing season and renew friendships. – Photograph by Pallav Pahuja

Water balloons are also used to play and colour each other in every way you can. Anyone and everyone is fair game, friend or stranger, old or young and of course the engagements are extremely well meant. – Photograph by Pallav Pahuja





HOLI HAI! Posing in the front of Jaisalmer’s golden sandstone these local lads take some time off their expeditious rallies of colour! – Photograph by Pallav Pahuja


Holi celebrations are usually conducted in the open streets. Groups often carry drums and other musical instruments, going from place to place, singing and dancing. Here a family group of fort residents relax in the middle of the day while the spraying and powdering continues. – Photograph by Pallav Pahuja

HOLI KE GEET – Photograph by Pallav Pahuja

Numerous legends and stories associated with Holi make for a vivid rendition. The most popular one is related to the killing of Holika. The story is all about an arrogant king who wanted his subjects to worship him. His son Prahlada refused and worshipped Lord Vishnu instead. The king then attempted to kill his son but failed at every try. Finally, the king’s sister Holika gifted with the power of immunity from fire sat with the boy in a burning pyre. However, the prince Prahlada emerged unscathed, while Holika burned to death. Holi commemorates this event from mythology, and huge bonfires are burnt on the eve of Holi as its symbolic representation.



Holika Dahan at Vyas Chowk, one of the few community centers in the living fort, which date back several centuries. The Vyas residents are a community of Brahmins. The meaning of Vyas is wise and often also used to describe scholars.  – Photograph by Pallav Pahuja



People worship the burning Holika by circumambulating the fire and ash from Holika is traditionally used by households in whatever way possible. Local farmers also sprinkle this ash in their fields believing it to improve their crops. Holi is also celebrated by many as a form of thanksgiving and to pray for a good, forthcoming harvest.



Communities living inside the fort such as Brahmins, Hajuris and Rajputs traditionally gather at key focal points and sing and compose music in different groups. Unlike anywhere else in India then, the musical element of a Holi celebration in Jaisalmer has rhythms and melodies drawn from songs of the desert bards, going back a millennium. Some songs are related to the various acts of Lord Krishna.



The ‘Baadshah’ of Jaisalmer for a day. – Photograph by Pallav Pahuja

The festival of Holi also draws on the legend of Radha and Krishna. Krishna (an incarnation of Vishnu) loved Radha but felt self-conscious about how different their skin colours were. So on the advice of his mother, he went and playfully painted her face so it was the same colour as his. It is said that lovers often celebrate holi in this tradition.



One of the unique traditions of Holi in Jaisalmer is that a member of the Vyas community is nominated to be the king of the fort, just for the day.



Enjoying the Golden Fortress some travellers let themselves go with the colours of Holi. – Photograph by Pallav Pahuja

Here some Hajuris relax mid-celebration. The Hajuris are a community who served the Rajput dynasties of Jaisalmer in the past and have lived inside the fort for centuries to this day. They continue to play a musical instrument, a single faced shallow rimmed drum with a parchment pasted on its rim, a big favourite of Holi revelers. Playing the instrument through the streets of Jaisalmer and encouraging people to play with colours and celebrate Holi for as long as they can, the Hajuris acquire alms on the festival of Holi.

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